THE UNCREATEDNESS OF THE DIVINE SPEECH – THE GLORIOUS QUR’AN

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We Muslims should avoid this kind of discussion to rationalize the nature of the Quran. This is something not defined in the Quran and hadith. and we may get into a shirk, division and scandalized idea like whether Isa (AS) had been the incarnate Logos in Christianity.

This is part of al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat discussion,the theological positions of the Ahli sunnah wal jamaah (the tradition based on Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ash`ari and Imam Abu Mansur al-Maturidi.) which is the massive majority of the Muslims, that the the uncreatedness of Speech of God the Most High i.e. the Quran is that it was the eternal and uncreated speech of God but that the ink, paper and the Arabic words of the sacred text were created.

How ? we just dont ask how because like the creation of Adam (AS) and the conception of Isa (AS) in Maryam (AS) womb , it was كُن فَيَكُونُ “Be!” and it is!

Allah says, “Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, ‘Be!’ and it is!” -Q 36:82

Allah says, “Verily! Our Word unto a thing when We intend it, is only that We say unto it: “Be!” and it is.” – Q 16:40

Hafiz Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi said in al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat with a sound chain:

“Something Ibn Shaddad had written was handed to Abu Bakr al-Marwazi which containing the phrase: “My pronunciation of the Qur’an is uncreated” and the latter was asked to show it to Ahmad ibn Hanbal for corroboration. The latter crossed out the phrase and wrote instead: “The Qur’an, however used (haythu yusraf), is uncreated.” (al-Bayhaqi, al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat (al-Kawthari ed. p. 265; al-Hashidi ed. 2:18))

“In another sound narration, Abu Bakr al-Marwazi, Abu Muhammad Fawran [or Fawzan], and Salih ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal witnessed Ahmad rebuking one of his students named Abu Talib with the words: “Are you telling people that I said: `My pronunciation of the Qur’an is uncreated’?” Abu Talib replied: “I only said this from my own.” Ahmad said: “Do not say this – neither from me, nor from you! I never heard any person of knowledge say it. The Qur’an is the Speech of Allah uncreated, whichever way it is used.” Salih said to Abu Talib: “If you told people what you said, now go and tell the same people that Abu `Abd Allah [Imam Ahmad] forbade to say it.””al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat (al-Kawthari ed. p. 265; al-Hashidi ed. 2:18)

The Proof of Islam and Renewer of the Fifth Hijri Century, Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali said in his “Foundations of Islamic Belief” (Qawa`id al-`Aqa’id) published in his Rasa’il and his Ihya’ `Ulum al-Din and partially translated in Shaykh Nuh Keller’s Reliance of the Traveller :

“The Qur’an is read by tongues, written in books, and remembered in the heart, yet it is, nevertheless, uncreated and without beginning, subsisting in the Essence of Allah, not subject to division and or separation through its transmission to the heart and paper. Musa – upon him peace – heard the Speech of Allah without sound and without letter, just as the righteous see the Essence of Allah Most High in the Hereafter, without substance or its quality.”

And Imam al-Tahawi said of the Qur’an in his “Creed of Abu Hanifa and his Companions”: “It is not created like the speech of creatures.”

It must be stressed however it is part of the aqeedah of ahli sunnah wal jamah that they never and do not encourage muslims to discuss and rationalize this concept like any human idea.

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