Here again a trinitarian polemicist make blunder on the theory of prophet Muhammad copied from the gospel of John in Paul Williams blog.
Did prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) really did copied from ambigious unknown authors then called John?? Even if there are textual parallels for some verses in the Quran, there is no evidence for single or primary source and there is no clear conceptual influence.
The polemicist point to peshita as a possible source but those peshita (which some of the Orthodox churches still use) were translated from greeks not directly from Jesus (p) words which were Aramaic. And this a fact there was no pre-Islamic translation of the Bible in Arabic nor usage of Arabic in church services in Arabia indicate that the Prophet’s sources were neither Jewish tribes or Jewish Christians.
Prophet Muhammad may have had contacts with Near Eastern Christian communities but it strikingly clear that he did not adopt their views of Jesus. The Quranic portrayal of Jesus is a conceptual shift away from the (paganized) Christology of Joh’s gospel. During his twenty-three year ministry, and one must also notice that prophet Muhammad was always consistent on preaching Quranic Christology with respect to the divinity of Jesus and the symbolism of the cross.
The Islamic Christology, is never bound interpretively to the John’s gospel in the contrary it is a continuation and institutionalization of the monotheistic vision of earlier genuine reveation to emphasize the humanity of Jesus in direct contradistinction to the divine status attributed to him by unknown authors of Jhon.
If one try to analyze through the historical context of the Quranic verses about Jesus it from impartial view, it is inevitable to conclude that the Quranic portrayal of Jesus is a product of the divine revelation and vision of prophet Muhammad.
The few really prominent textual parallels of the Quranic Jesus and Christian teachings can only have been known to the prophet Muhammad during his pre-prophetic life while traveling to Hira or Syria but It is practically impossible to develop a narrative of the development of the Quranic Christology because of this fact. The earliest Quranic verses about Jesus begin the development of a specific Islamic Christology.
In later verses, when Muhammad (p) actually had documented interaction with Christians during his later years in Medina, the Quran criticizes the deification of Jesus and addresses other controversial Christological issues, such as the crucifixion and whether or not Jesus announced himself as the divine son of God, the subject of verse 5:110.
In other words the basic position of Islam formulated during the life of the Prophet is always consistent to Monotheism. It is evidence that major doctrines of Jhon’s christology were not carried over into the Quran. The Quran is clearly dismissive of the incarnation, trinity, and salvation theology.
I personally have my own view after reflections from Umra in Mecca a few weeks back on why the whole middle east ( including the Byzantines and Najran and Mesopotamian Christians) was swift in accepting Islam because those people like monk Bahira or Waraqa to whom Muhammad (p) may had contact with were Christians, had real knowledge of genuine scripture (free of corrupted helenized view), the genuine gospel of Jesus(p). Therefore once the met prophet Muhammad, the ancestors of Arabian inhabitants recognized the legitimacy of Muhammad as a prophet they readily recognized Muhammad as the prophet foreshadowed in the Bible.
On the other hand Christianity of John’s orthodoxy only spread and accepted to those area away from the very centre of its land of birth the midle-east, but to the land of Sun God worships and Multiple deities.
The polemicist goes on to say:
“…But Muhammad was hearing the Byzantines call Jesus “the Word”. He didn’t know much of anything. He is hearing things, accepting some and rejecting other things…”
As I said the Quranic emphasis on the human nature of Jesus is always consistent and contradistinction to John’s gospel views on his alleged divinity. This is a strong indoication that Muhammad (p) is commisioned by God through revelation to warn those people of earlier revelations who forged and innovated the true message of God not from his personal human thought.
This consistent theme is evident and paramount in early debates between informed Muslims and Christians; the issues of his divinity, as well as the trinity, were debated. Earlier sources like Ibn Taymiyya from Damascus الجواب الصحيح لمن بدل دين المسيح al-Jawāb al-Ṣaḥīḥ li-man baddala dīn al-Masīḥ
Muslim authors from the early time and to these days agree that Jesus (p) could not be divine and also partake in human experience. Unlike in Islam, Christian communities from different beliefs about Christ opposed and overlapped each other for many centuries after Jesus (p) era, evidence of early uniform Christian orthodoxy of Jesus being God is scanty. The Christians who innovated their belief in the divine nature of Jesus remained a minority until support from the biggest pagan nation in earth at that time: the Roman empire.
Then what follows forward everything Jewish (ie earlier monotheistic revelation) was treated with opprobrium. Christian writers use Pagan logic promote Christianity and develp doctrines. The true message and nature of human Jesus was purged. They took comfort in noting similarities between their own ideas and pagan myths.
Yes, Prophet Muhammad (p) may certanly hearing things from those ideas and doctrines before his prophethod but the fact that the Quranic message does not address the issue of *salvation through Jesus* because salvation comes from God alone and mainly through repentance and the mercy of God, is a proof that prophet Muhammad is independent to what he knew and from whom to what the Quranic naration of Jesus(p) ie through reveleation. The Quranic principles revelead to Muhammad (p) of vision of Jesus (p) is a continuation of Abrahamic monotheistic traditon the transcendent unity of God.
Other argument from the trinitarian:
“… (Jude, verse 3 – “the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints”; also Hebrews 1:1-3 – “in these last days God has spoken through His Son” – implies a ceasing of revelation, with verses 1-2 …”
“…He said the Holy Spirit would come and lead and teach the disciples into all the truth. (John 14; 16) …”
From our aqeedah, the belief that saints (who are they anyway??) wrote the NT working with holy spirit to prove the legitimate inspiration of the New testament writings is idolatry and weak arguments.
Trinitarianist may dismiss the prophethood of Muhammad (p) and the revelation given to him, but his tradition is well documented with unbroken chain narration. He is more than a saint and a mere man, he is man of truthfulness, decency, bravery, compassion, fairness, and his honesty and reliability . This is aconsensus among all the witness in all sources Prophet Muhammad biography his friend and foe. His life are free from the wrongdoing prevalent in the Age of Ignorance.
Alas, trinitarianist just rest their faith on anonimous saints and holy ghost who speak to mere unknown men. This is dangerous!
In Islam we believe that mere men can be is easily tricked by Satan. Simply by the power of suggestion Satan can whisper or plant a thought in people’s mind into believing something contrary to God’s teaching of not worshipping human.
Trinitarianist may reject the final prophethood on the basis of obscure passages in the alleged “inspired” NT books wrritten by unknown men but I rather put my faith on Muhammad al-Amin the (Trustworthy), which like prophet Jesus (p) according to historical texts, before he received any revelations, recorded certain miraculous events took place from the birth to his later life that gave indications as to genuine prophethood .
Also the “biblical basis” the polemicist cited to support revelation ending after Jesus (p) is weak, this cessationism view as it is called only hold by most protestantism fundamentalist. There is nothing to in the Bible to rule out the possibility that God will chose to reveal new scriptures in a convincing manner like what HE revealed to the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.